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2018年03月21日考研英语历年真题解析试题(第 1 套 - 完型填空)

2018-3-21 18:04| 发布者: 本站编辑| 查看数: 246| 评论数: 0

摘要:
■ 完型填空题

1. Directions:
Read the following text.ChooSe the best word(s)for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.
①In 1924 America's Nation

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考研英语历年真题解析在线模考>>开始

■ 完型填空题

1. Directions:
Read the following text.ChooSe the best word(s)for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.
①In 1924 America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of experiments at a telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago.②It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting (1)

【affected】

workers’productivity:③Instead,the studies ended (2)

【up】

giving their name to the“Hawthorne effect”,the extremely influential idea that the very (3)

【act】

of being experimented upon changes subjects’behavior.
④The idea arose because of the (4)

【perplexing】

behavior of the women in the plant.⑤According to (5)

【accounts】

of the experiments,their hourly output rose when lighting was increased,but also when it was dimmed.⑥It did not (6)

【matter】

what was done in the experiment; (7)

【so long as】

something was changed,productivity rose。⑦A(n) (8)

【awareness】

that they were being experimented upon seemed to be (9)

【enough】

to alter workers’behavior (10)

【by】

itself.
⑧After several decades,the same data were (11)

【subjected】

to econometric analysis.⑨The Hawthorne experiments had another surprise in store.⑩ (12)

【Contrary to】

the descriptions on record,no systematic (13)

【evidence】

was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting.
⑾It turns out that the peculiar way of conducting the experiments may have led to (14)

【misleading】

interpretations of what happened。⑿ (15)

【For example】

,lighting was always changed on a Sunday.⒀When work started again on Monday,output (16)

【duly】

rose compared with the previous Saturday and (17)

【continued】

to rise for the next couple。of days.⒁ (18)

【However】

,a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Mondays.⒂Workers (19)

【tended】

to be diligent for the first few days of the week in any case,before (20)

【hitting】

a plateau and then slackening off.⒃This suggests that the alleged“Hawthorne effect”is hard to pin down.

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